Benefits Of Fiber Optics
Signals in fiber optics can be transmitted over a distance up to 100 km without any needs to install repeaters or amplifiers.
Weight and Size
The outer diameter of fiber optics cable can be up to 1 mm or more depending on the number of fiber optics count. Basically 36 pairs or 72 fiber optics strands can be bundled into 1 mm cable diameter. For one pair of fiber optics, million of phone calls can be transmitted globally.
There is no need for ground isolation as eletrical currents do not flow into fiber optics cable.
Fiber optics signals do not conduct electricity as such lightning has no effect on its signals.
Cost of installing on long-distance fiber optics cable is far cheaper as fiber optics can be installed up to 100 km without any repeaters or amplifiers in between.
Fiber Optics signals do not radiate electromagnetic signals. As such eavesdropping or tapping is virtually impossible.
Fiber Optics signals are intrinsically safe as the signals do not cause spark or emit electromagnetic signals.
Fiber Optics cables do not conduct electricity thus they can be installed on the same cable tray as power cables.
Fiber optics are immune to electromagnetic noise coming from welding discharges, electrostatic dischargers and other radio frequency interference. Fiber Optics is a dielectric material and not susceptible to electrical interference.
Fiber Optics are able to carry high data rate up to 1 Tb/s in which no other medium can match fiber optics capability.
I have been in the field of fiber optics since early 1990s. I gained fiber optics skills and knowledge via my working experience as end-user, main contractor and sub-contractor and finally as an optical fiber enterpreneur.